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Tillage is the process of disturbing the soil to prepare land for planting or establishing a crop or any agro-based venture which involves the growing of plants. The plants can be planted as seed or transplanted at their various stages of growth.

Tillage comes in the form of conservative and conventional tillage, depending on the amount of soil disturbance involved and being influenced by the desired and preferred field conditions and available inputs.

Conventional tillage involves completely overturning the soil through primary and secondary tillage operations, such as disc ploughing and disking. primary tillage operations are those that open up previously untilled land, such as para-ploughing and disk ploughing, while secondary tillage operations are used to reduce the cold sizes after primary tillage to give the field or planting bed a finer tilth that will make it easy to plant and germinate crops-as well as transplant those that have to be transplanted like vegetables and tobacco.

Profitable agriculture is about reducing production costs, while at the same time being able to increase productivity and preserve the growing medium (soil) and other resources found in the soil (water, nutrients and micro-organisms) for future operations and generations-that is conservative agriculture.

Conservation tillage refers to tillage operations which do not overturn the soil and leave at least 30% crop residue on the soil surface, such as direct seeding, ripping (sub-soiling), disking, and chiselling. These operations are influenced by the crop being grown, traction power available, implement/s at hand, regulations for responsible authorities or farmers’ preferences, and available capital (less runs mean less fuel consumption, less field compaction, less man and machine hours and the results are massive savings). Through it, the farmer will realise many benefits such as savings/conservation in energy, soil and moisture, reduction of extremes of temperature, timely operations, improved soil structure, better crop establishment.

It is very necessary to plan in accordance with the agronomy of one’s cropping pattern in order to reap any perceived benefits of whatever tillage system and implements one intends to use. Farming is not just about shooting in the dark and expecting to grow rich.

The iQFarmer tillage manual will introduce you to simplified practical and profitable tillage systems through the use of the appropriate system/s and tools,

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