Scientific name Solanum lycopersicum E.
Family name Nightshades
The tomato plant is a nightshade crop (same family as potato, eggplant, and tobacco), of which there are at least 8000 varieties. Tomatoes must never be grown after any members of its family to avoid pest and disease carryovers.
Tomatoes are classified according to their growth habit, as determinate, semi-determinate and indeterminate.
Determinate, or bush, types bear a full crop which ripens all at once and tops off at a specific height and inflorescence.
Semi-determinates top off like determinates but produce a second crop after the initial crop.
Indeterminate varieties develop into vines that never top off and continue producing until killed off by the farmer or disease.
Tomato types are called varieties and are roughly divided into several categories, based mostly on shape and size: beefsteaks, plums, cherries. They may also be categorised according to shelf life, taste, use, colour, disease resistance and tolerance to various climatic conditions.
Tomatoes are either grown in the open (openfield) or under-cover (ensures minimum agrochemical use, earlier and superior harvests over extended periods).
Our iQFarmer Tomato Manuals will introduce you to tomato farming, covering:
- Varieties and Types
- Seeds and Seedlings
- Soil and Land Preparation
- Production Management: weed control, fertilisation, irrigation
- Disease and Pest Control
- Physiological Disorders
- Harvesting and Handling
- Value Addition
- Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices (CSAP)
- Tomato Economics and Entrepreneurship
You will also find a program on tomato production which we hope will help you to select the most cost-effective solutions and profitable combinations in setting up a profitable agricultural enterprise.
Download Free Tomato Guide