Scientific name Solanum lycopersicum E.
Family name Nightshades
The tomato plant is a nightshade crop (same family as potato, eggplant, and tobacco), of which there are at least 8000 varieties. Tomatoes must never be grown after any members of its family to avoid pest and disease carryovers.
Tomatoes are classified according to their growth habit, as determinate, semi-determinate and indeterminate.
Determinate, or bush, types bear a full crop which ripens all at once and tops off at a specific height and inflorescence.
Semi-determinates top off like determinates but produce a second crop after the initial crop.
Indeterminate varieties develop into vines that never top off and continue producing until killed off by the farmer or disease.
Tomato types are called varieties and are roughly divided into several categories, based mostly on shape and size: beefsteaks, plums, cherries. They may also be categorised according to shelf life, taste, use, colour, disease resistance and tolerance to various climatic conditions.
Tomatoes are either grown in the open (openfield) or under-cover (ensures minimum agrochemical use, earlier and superior harvests over extended periods).
The iQFarmer tomato manual will introduce you to the value chain of cotton farming, and the cropping program will also give you a production cost analysis for decision making:
Download Tomato Manual