Common name Beef
Scientific name Bos Taurus, Bos Indicus
Cattle are considered to have been one of the first animals domesticated by man for agricultural purposes. They belong to the genus Bos and the subgenera Taurine which includes the two species tarus (Bos Taurus breeds are exotic to Zimbabwe and include Aberdeen Angus, Sussex, Shorthorn, Hereford, South, Charolais, Simmental, Senepol, limousine) and indicus (Bos Indicus breeds are Zebu types: Africander, Tuli, Mashona, Brahman, Nkone, Devon).
There are three main stages in beef production: cow-calf operations, back grounding, and feedlot operations. When raised in a feedlot, cattle are known as feeder cattle.
Beef cattle are cattle raised for meat (beef) production (as distinguished from dairy cattle, used for milk production). While the principal use of beef cattle is meat production, other uses include leather, and products used in shampoo and cosmetics. The blood is used in some varieties of blood sausage. Other parts that are eaten include the oxtail, liver, tongue, tripe from the reticulum or rumen, glands, the heart, the brain (forbidden where there is a danger of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, BSE), the kidneys, and the tender testicles of the bull (known in the US as calf fries, prairie oysters, or Rocky Mountain oysters). Some intestines are cooked and eaten as-is, but are more often cleaned and used as natural sausage casings. The bones are used for making beef stock.
In many nations, beef cattle have also a number of other important socio-economic uses such as wealth status, bride price and use as draft animals to pull various farm implements and tools.
The iQFarmer beef manual will introduce you to the value chain of cotton farming, and the cropping program will also give you a production cost analysis for decision making:
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