Scientific name Galloanserae (fowl)
Members of the poultry groups found in households (domesticated) and in the wild are a very viable option to the broilers and layers-despite maturing later than them.
Many rural low-income farmers breed road-runner chickens for purpose of supplementing their meat requirements and this greatly lowers their annual meat bill. However, due to health concerns by many urban dweller, the consumption of these and other lean meats from the poultry group is now on an upward trend. Besides road runners, the other viable types of poultry farmers may rear for household and commercial purposes (local and export markets) are ostrich, emu, domesticated turkey, ducks, guinea fowl, and a variety of indigenous bird species. Eggs from some of these poultry species have been found to be more nutritious than the domesticated layer eggs.
They can be bred for large scale, efficient meat production and although they are slower in growing than the commercialised broilers, many poultry breeds have now been bred for faster growth rates and dual purposes (meat and eggs). The larger birds (emu and ostrich) also do produce other commercially valuable products with huge export markets, such as feathers and skin.
Just like the broiler, some of these poultry breeds now boast of competitive advantages like:
- a high body weight, with good carcass quality, over the shortest possible period of time using the minimum amount of regular feed,
- birds that possess the correct body conformation, which will feather rapidly and have a minimal mortality rate,
- a number of other products (or by-products) with export markets
The iQFarmer poultry manual will introduce you to the value chain of cotton farming, and the cropping program will also give you a production cost analysis for decision making:
Download Poultry Manual
Download Poultry Program