The cotton plant is grown for its fibre, growing as a fruit with the fibre surrounding the seed. When mature, the cotton ball opens up to reveal the fibre, which is then machine or hand-picked for processing into various products.
In Zimbabwe, as in many other countries, cotton processing takes the form of ginning using various levels of mechanisation, to separate the lint (fluffy white fibre) from the cotton seed. Lint is used for such products as textiles, cordage, automobile tyre cord, and plastic reinforcing-though the level of industrialisation in our country actually requires us to venture more into own production of these value added products to reduce both export of raw lint and the importation of these lint products from other more industrialised nations.
Seed is processed into crude oil and cotton cake for feeding livestock. Oil is refined and used for household or commercial catering (salad, margarine, shortenings and cooking oil), cosmetics, and paint driers. Lard or less refined grades are used for manufacturing soap, candles, detergents, artificial leather, oilcloth, and many other commodities.
On iQFarmer you will find information on cotton processing in our manual, from which we hope you will be able to select the most cost-effective solutions and profitable combinations to help you in setting up a profitable agricultural enterprise.
Download Cotton Processing Manual
Download Cotton Processing Program